What Are The Main Types Of Industrial Robots?

Industrial robots are typically non-specialized and can perform in most industrial settings. There are four basic types of industrial robots used today: nonservo robots, servo robots, computer programmable robots and programmable robots. Let's take a closer look at each type:


This basic type of robot performs only movement tasks, such as picking up one object and relocating it to another area. These are used in manufacturing and replace the need for human labor, as the robots can move large and heavy equipment over a certain distance, and return to the original spot to move another piece.


The servo robots are more complex, with hand and arm appendages, the increased task performance ability due to their manipulators and effectors. They operate with greater movement and flexibility. 


These robots perform the same types of tasks, at the same performance level, as their servo robot counterparts, with the added feature of being able to be operated remotely via computer. The robots are more specialized in their task ability and can perform non-sequential tasks that allow for more customization of their work.


Used on assembly lines and for other repetitive tasks, programmable robots store instruction data within their databases that allows them to perform tasks for a pre-selected number of times over a specified time period. These robots are pre-programmed and complete the same task, or group of task, over and over. They are limited as there can be no variance to their task routine. 

Robots capabilities continue to grow and expand to new tasks and labor types, and allow for more and more specialization. These four industrial robots are the nonspecialized type of robot and can perform many basic tasks without very much programming or specialization. These types have accessible movement capabilities that allow them to be configured to work vertically, be cartesian articulated, move in the SCARA model, polar, delta and in cylindrical arcs.

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